Why periodontal (gum) treatment?
Your teeth are like a Tree – what you see are the teeth (the Tree) and what you do not see is the roots (the foundation). Normal gums hug around our teeth very firmly but diseased gums do not attach to our teeth due to inflammation. This damages the foundation of our teeth. A Tree will fail if its foundation is weakened, and similarly, teeth will fail if the root is weakened by gum disease. Gum treatment can control this disease process.
What is periodontal (gum) treatment?
Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the treatment of gum diseases and the other structures around the teeth and jaw bones. If such a condition is not treated, a person could suffer tooth loss and loss of the jaw bone.
Some common procedures covered under gum treatment include
- scaling and root planing (dental cleaning)
- gum surgery
- crown lengthening
- dental implants and
- gum and bone grafts
Who needs this treatment?
Normal teeth require a good professional cleaning every three to six months to remove calculus or tartar. Given a long period of time, calculus will cause the gum to separate from the teeth and lead to teeth loss if left untreated.
What does the procedure involve?
Scaling refers to careful cleaning of the teeth and gums to remove plaque and tartar. Everyone should have a good professional dental cleaning every three to six months.
Root Planing is required when tartar (calculus) is deeply entrenched and there is a separation of gums from the teeth. This is the beginning of tooth loss if left untreated. Local anaesthetic is commonly used to numb-up sections of the gums for thorough cleaning, especially when there is a significant separation of gums from the teeth (pockets) around roots.
Gum (Periodontal) Surgery is recommended when there is a significant separation between the gum and the teeth (deep pockets). Such deep pockets are difficult to access for thorough removal of calculus and disinfection.
Crown Lengthening refers to a meticulous procedure to aid the proper placement of restorations on teeth. For example, when a tooth is too “short” to support a functional crown, the gum and bone is shaped to enhance the restoration placement. Similarly, when dental decay extends too far below the gum line, crown lengthening procedures will help to facilitate the placement of dental fillings.
Gum and Bone Grafting repair damaged gums and jaw bone when the gums around the teeth have receded, e.g., through excessive-brushing. Bone grafting can also enhance areas of deficient bone to facilitate implant placement.
How much time before the whole process is completed?
The simpler procedures take about 30 minutes. More complex or extensive ones take up to two hours. Depending on the severity of the gum problems, occasionally two or more visits are required.
When scaling and root planing is followed by periodontal surgery, then the process can be spread out over several weeks. Healing is a time dependant process. We simply have to allow sufficient time for healing. The general rule is the more complicated the procedure, the more healing time is needed.
When will I be able to resume daily activities?
Our patients commonly tell us that they return to 99% of normal daily activities within a few hours after our procedure. This usually means that the person can have a reasonably normal dinner, go to work on the same day, see friends, do business, talk on the phone and go shopping. The less invasive procedures allow you to resume normal activities rapidly. After a more extensive surgery, however, some rest would be nice too.
Will I be in pain?
Pain after a procedure is uncommon nowadays. Our experience shows that pain occuring after a procedure is usually a result of pre-existing infection. Pain can be minimized with medication before and after the procedure. It is crucial to take the prescribed medications on time and on schedule. Again, 99% of our patients return to normal daily activities within a few hours after their procedures.
How effective is periodontal treatment in a long run?
Certain procedures such as dental implants and crown-lengthening are definitive and end with placement of a functional dental restoration. Other procedures such as scaling and root planing should be continued every three to six months to maintain healthy gums.
Laser gum treatment at Malhotra Dental Care & Implant Centre allows you to address gum problems without pain or worry.
Laser gum treatment may be used:
- As a cosmetic treatment to improve a gummy smile
- To treat gum disease
- To heal deep gum pockets
- To combat bleeding or sore gums
- To combat tooth loss or damage due to gum disease
- The treatment area is anesthetized
- A periodontal probe is used to determine pocket depth
- The laser contained in a fiber optic cable is directed at the treatment area
- Laser radiation removes diseased tissue by vaporizing it in tiny pieces
- Root roughness is evaluated and the root surface is cleaned with ultrasonic scalers and instruments
- The deep pocket is sterilized and the healing process is jump started
By using this advanced method of gum disease treatment, we are able to save teeth that may have otherwise been lost.
The laser removes bacteria from gum pockets and encourages the natural healing process. Gum pockets are now clean and healthy, and tooth stability is increased.
Benefits of laser gum treatment
Laser gum surgery is a conservative choice, meaning that it does little to disturb your existing dental status.
- It stops bacterial activity instantly by killing the bacteria
- It does not cut any gum tissue
- There is little or no bleeding
- There is no need for stitches because the laser seals gum tissue as it treats it
- There is little chance of infection, since gum tissue is sealed and bacteria are killed
- Tooth roots are not exposed, with the increased sensitivity that might cause
- Healthy gum tissue is preserved
The laser process is much safer and more comfortable compared to the previous gum surgery methods and is quite affordable.